Before Traveling to Turkey

Do I Need a Visa to Visit Turkey?

Everyone who is traveling to Turkey must have a Visa to enter Turkey.

U.S. citizens may obtain a Visa upon entry into Turkey or prior to departure from one of the five Turkish Consulates in the United States. Please find your state in the Turkish Consulates Jurisdiction List. Business visas must be issued prior to departure by Turkish consular offices.

Visas issued upon entry are valid for three months. Visas for longer stays and for study, research or employment must be obtained in advance.

Passengers, who do not leave their port of transit , in transit through Turkey do not require visas.

Non-U.S citizens must apply for tourist or business Visas before traveling to Turkey.

Applicants should contact the relevant Turkish Consulate in person, by mail or by a courier service.

Applicants outside the United States should contact the nearest Turkish Embassy or Consulate to learn their Visa requirements and procedures at Visa Information For Foreigners website.

Are any vaccinations required for tourists entering Turkey?

There are no vaccination requirements for any international traveler.

The World Health Organization web site, www.who.org, provides vaccination certificate requirements by country, geographic distributions of potential health hazards to travelers and information on health risks and their avoidance (click on "Travelers' Health").

Population:

Turkey's population is about 70 million and 40% live in the countryside. The major cities are Istanbul, Ankara (capital), Izmir, Adana, Antalya, and Bursa.

Language:

The Turkish language belongs to the Ural - Altaic group and has an affinity with the Finn - Hungarian languages. Turkish is written with the Latin alphabet and is spoken by at least 150 million people around the world.

Government:

Turkey is a democratic, secular and social state governed by the rule of law; committed to the nationalism of Atatürk and based on the principle of the separation of powers.

Legislative Power: The Turkish Grand National Assembly.
Executive Power: President and the Council of Ministers.
Judicial Power: Independent courts.

Visiting a Mosque:

Five times a day, the "muezzin" calls the faithful to prayer in the mosque. Before entering a mosque, Muslims wash themselves and remove their shoes. Foreign visitors should also remove their shoes and show the respect they would any other house of worship and avoid visiting the mosque during prayer time. Women should cover their heads and arms, and not wear miniskirts. Men should not wear shorts. (In certain famous mosques, overalls are provided for those not suitably dressed.)

Tipping:

At various establishments such as hotels, restaurants, Turkish baths, barbers and hairdressers, tipping at a rate of 5%-15% of the total are common. Taxi drivers, on the other hand, do not expect tips or even rounded fares.

Electricity:

220 volts AC/50 Hz. all over Turkey. (Industrial: 380 V) Plug: European round/ 2-prong plug.

Weight and Measurement Charts:

Metric system.

1 inch = 2.54 centimeters, 1 centimeter = 0.3937 inches
1 yard = 0.9144 meters, 1 meter = 1.0936 yards
1 mile = 1.6093 kilometers, 1 kilometer = 0.6214 miles
1 pound = 0.4536 kilograms, 1 kilogram = 2.2046 pounds

Area:
1 acres = 0.4047 Hectares, 1 hectare = 2.471 acres

Capacity:
1 UK gallon = 4.546 liters, 1 liter = 0.2199 UK gallons
1 US gallon = 3.7831 liters, 1 liter = 0.2643 US gallons

Postal System:

Turkish post-offices are easily recognized by their black PTT letters on a yellow background.

Major post offices are open from:

Monday through Saturday 8:00 a.m. till 12:00 p.m.

Sunday 9:00 a.m. till 7:00 p.m.

Small post-offices have the same hours as the government offices.

Postal charges vary for different services depending on the destination. All PTT branches have the facilities to exchange money at the current international exchange rates, as well as international postal orders and travelers' checks. There is also an express postal service (APS) operating to 90 countries for letters, documents and small packages. A wide variety of special stamps are available in all PTT centers for philatelists.

To phone from PTT telephone booths, which are extensively found in all areas; telephone cards, and tokens (jeton) in three sizes are used. Local, inter-city and international calls can be made from all PTT offices. Besides these main offices there are also mobile PTT services in the touristy areas. For the area codes of major cities and touristy areas in Turkey, please see the "Area Codes" list. Foreign country area codes are indicated in the International Telephone Codes list.